Outputs and Activities:
Data Sharing
Capacity Building
Science and Technology
User Engagement
Gap Analysis

GEO Task SB-01: Oceans and Society: Blue Planet

Component C4: Services for the Coastal Zone

Extended Task Sheet: Task Definition and Task Leads

Task Number: SB-01
Task Title: Oceans and Society: Blue Planet
Area: Societal Benefits
Relevant Board: SBIB
Related Targets: Strategic Targets: Climate, Ecosystens, Agriculture, and Biodiversity

Related GEOSS Strategic Targets (from GEO-VI Document 12 Rev1)

Agriculture: Improve the utilization of Earth observations and expanded application capabilities to advance sustainable agriculture, aquaculture, fisheries and forestry in areas including early warning, risk assessment, food security, market efficiency, and, as appropriate, combating desertification.

Biodiversity: Establish, in conjunction with a comprehensive ecosystem monitoring capability, a worldwide biodiversity observation network to collect, manage, share and analyze observations of the status and trends of the world's biodiversity, and enable decision-making in support of the conservation and improved management of natural resources.

Climate: Achieve effective and sustained operation of the global climate observing system and reliable delivery of climate information of a quality needed for predicting, mitigating and adapting to climate variability and change, including for better understanding of the global carbon cycle.

Ecosystems: Establish, in conjunction with a comprehensive biodiversity observation network, a wideranging monitoring capability for all ecosystems and the human impacts on them, to improve the assessment, protection and sustainable management of terrestrial, coastal and marine resources and the delivery of associated ecosystem services.

The Task descriptions lists something different:

Climate: Improved scientific understanding, modelling and prediction of climate. Accessibility of all the observational data needed for climate monitoring and services in support of adaptation to climate variability and change. Availability of all Essential Climate Variables needed by the WCRP, the IPCC and the UNFCCC.

Ecosystems: Increased operational monitoring of major marine and coastal ecosystems on an annual basis including properties such as extent, water temperature, salinity, pH and pCO2, phytoplankton species composition and productivity and marine resource stocks, based on remote sensing and sampled in-situ observations using internationally agreed standards.

Agriculture: Improved collaboration and coordination on the use and applications of Earth observations for fisheries and aquaculture.

Biodiversity: Increased routine collection of long term in-situ and remotely sensed biodiversity observations. Increased information sharing on biodiversity conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity resources. Increased availability of biodiversity information necessary to respond to and support related topics (ecosystems, health, climate, etc).


Provide sustained ocean observations and information to underpin the development, and assess the efficacy, of global-change adaptation measures (such as those related to vulnerability of coastal zones, sea-level rise, and ocean acidification). Improve the global coverage and data accuracy of coastal and open-ocean observing systems (remote-sensing and in-situ). Coordinate and promote the gathering, processing, and analysis of ocean observations. Develop a global operational ocean forecasting network. Establish a global ocean information system by making observations and information, generated on a routine basis, available through the GEOSS Common Infrastructure. Provide advanced training in ocean observations, especially for developing countries. Raise awareness of biodiversity issues in the ocean.


C4 Services for the Coastal Zone

USA (NOAA), CEOS, and IEEE (hpplag@odu.edu)

Priority Actions

  • Develop a global coastal zone information system: a global cyber-infrastructure that will provide access to available information on coastal zones and facilitate the collection of new information through crowd-sourcing and citizen-science
  • Implement a pilot project in an area-at-risk (e.g. Indonesian Archipelago-South China Sea domain) to demonstrate the added-value of ecosystem-based approaches for monitoring and managing the coastal zone. This will be coordinated with GOOS Regional Associations and global/regional networks (see Plan of the Panel for Integrated Coastal Observations)
  • Assess climate change impacts on island coasts for islands from the Caribbean to the Arctic using SAR data and other relevant data as a demonstrator for the use of space-based observations in the monitoring of climate change impacts. Data for this activity would be sought from CEOS members
  • Assess the observational requirements for decadal forecasts of coastal local sea-level variation and develop a demonstrator forecasting service
  • Assess user needs and observational requirements for coastal water quality (using the GEOSS User Requirements Registry); identify indicators and best practices for coastal water quality, and implement a monitoring service pilot for coastal water quality (with WA-01 and HE-01); disseminate information particularly to under-served communities (with IN-04)

To Be Implemented in Connection with

  • WA-01, HE-01, IN-04

Resources Available for Implementation

  • In-kind contribution from IEEE, NOAA; proposals are submitted and under preparation.

IEEE, Point of Contact: Hans-Peter Plag,
NOAA, Paul DiGiacomo, Kerry Sawyer

Last edited 02 December 2016

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